30th RCRF Congress
Oral presentations should be 15 minutes long, allowing 5 minutes for questions.
Some useful topics for those presenting lectures
Remember that many of your audience will be listening to a language which is not their own. Speak loudly and clearly, with expression in your voice, and not too fast. You should expect to speak at a rate of 100 words per minute; therefore 1500 words should be a maximum for a 15-minute paper.
Powerpoint does provide the opportunity to display text beside your images. Use this intelligently. Do not put your full text on the screen and then read it, but use it to complement what you are saying. If you are not speaking in English, it is helpful to many people to display bullet-point summaries of your theme (in your own language or in English) as you proceed. Bear in mind also that tabular information is rarely informative on screen: the audience does not have time to read the detail, and it is often too small to be read anyway. If you have tabular information, a poster may be a much more useful way to display it!
Posters should be in A0 format (841X1189mm).
Poster session will take place as part of the scientific programme of the Congress.
Ask to have your poster printed in Lisbon.
Posters to print in Lisbon should be sent in the first week of September (until the 9th September) together with the copy of bank transfer.
File formats should be PDF or, in case you have a more complex poster (with graphs, photos and text) the TIFF format. These are usually quite heavy files and they can only be send with "wetransfer" (our mailbox has limited capacity).
The price will depend on the type of paper (all printed in colour in A0 format):
Simple 90g paper - 18€;
simple 180g paper - 24€;
photo paper mate - 30€;
180g paper and plastified - 48€.
Bank coordinates are the same as the ones used for the Congress Fee only with the description: poster.
please contact us if you need any help:
Trip to the Roman ruins of Tróia
1. Roman Ruins of Tróia
1.1 What are they?
The Roman Ruins of Tróia were a large salted fish and fish sauces production complex built in the first half of the 1st c. AD. It developed into an urban settlement probably occupied until the 6th c.
The different areas opened to the public are two large fish-salting workshops, the baths, the mausoleum, its cemetery and the residential quarter of rua da Princesa. The visiting circuit, installed in 2010, has interpretation panels in seven observation points and signs indicating the possible ways. The early Christian basilica can be visited in guided tours.
The Roman Ruins of Tróia appear in the literature in the 16th c., and since that time they attract scholars, antiquarians and simple visitors. The first acknowledged excavation takes place in the 18th c., promoted by princess Maria Francisca, future queen D. Maria I, and is followed by the investigations of Frei Manuel do Cenáculo. In the mid 19th c. take place the excavations of the Lusitanian Archaeological Society, founded in Setúbal with the sole purpose of excavating Tróia.
In the late 19th - early 20th c., a number of studies on the ruins of Tróia are published, namely those of Inácio Marques da Costa and José Leite de Vasconcelos. A long series of excavations start in 1948 and last until the 70’s, directed by Manuel Heleno, Fernando Bandeira Ferreira, Manuel Farinha dos Santos, D. Fernando de Almeida, José Luís de Matos e António Cavaleiro Paixão. In the early 90’s, excavation and interpretation works accomplished by Françoise Mayet and Robert Étienne are published in the first book dedicated to Tróia. Since 2006 the archaeology team of Troia Resort is responsible for the study and conservation of the site.
1.2 The site
The fish-salting workshops of Tróia are compartments with vats around a patio. The largest factory uncovered so far would include, in the 1st and 2nd c., two connected workshops and a storeroom, but other dependencies and its full extension are yet to be assessed.
To this day, twenty seven workshops of various dimensions have been identified. The largest one covers an area of 1106 m2 and its excavated nineteen vats had a production capacity of 465 m3. The smallest workshop only covers an area of 135 m2 and its nine vats had a production capacity of about 103 m3.
The baths uncovered at Tróia are next to the largest fish-salting workshop and cover an area of about 450 m2. They were supplied by a well nearby and the water was channeled through a small aqueduct to a reservoir from where it was distributed to the pools through lead pipes.
These baths have the typical spaces of Roman bath complexes: a heated area (caldarium) with an underground heating system and small pools for steam and hot water bathing; a mid- temperature room of transition (tepidarium); a cold temperature area (frigidarium) with two small pools for bathing; a dressing-room (apodyterium) and a room next to the entrance room for exercising and socializing (palaestra).
The great diversity of tombs in which people buried their dead reflects the continuous occupation of the site for several centuries. Moreover it reveals the intense interchange with the exterior that led them to gradually adopt the new customs that were propagated along the Empire.
There were at least four cemeteries and a mausoleum in Roman Tróia: the Caldeira cemetery, excavated in the 40’s and 50’s of last century, dating from the 1st to the 5th c.; the basilica cemetery dating to the 4th-5th c., the mensa tombs cemetery, southwest of the basilica, that may be the continuation of the basilica cemetery; and the mausoleum necropolis that filled the inside of that building and extended to the outside probably in the 5th c.
The mausoleum was built next to a fish-salting workshop, over an amphora storehouse from the first production phase, in the 1st and 2nd c., and it is believed to have been built in the early 3rd c.
It is a rectangular building with walls made of stone rows and brick rows and it has buttresses holding the lateral walls. Inside the walls have niches where urns would have been placed with the ashes of the deceased, according to the traditional Roman practice of incineration. Yet in this funerary building incineration was side by side with inhumation since on the ground tombs were built for burying corpses in graves. Some large elaborated sepulchral arks made of brick with mortar covers stand out.
One of the best preserved buildings of the archaeological site of Tróia is the early Christian basilica, a church built in the late 4th or early 5th c. It was a large building with three arcades dividing the space in four transversal naves. Its high walls are profusely painted with geometric and vegetal motifs as well as marbled. A disappeared chrism, Christian symbol that appeared in the Constantine period, was registered on the top of a wall identifying this building as Christian. A cantharus painted in a pillar is another theme much used by the oldest Christian communities. The basilica was built over an abandoned fish-salting workshop that had been turned into a cemetery.
1.5.1. Scientific work
On the scope of the protocol celebrated in 2005 with the Instituto Português de Arqueologia, the Instituto Português do Património Arquitectónico (nowadays Direcção Geral do Património Cultural) and the Enhancement Project of the Roman Ruins of Tróia, the Troia Resort’s archaeology team has performed archaeological excavations and other research presented in several articles.
Consult them at academia.edu (Ruínas Romanas de Tróia).
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Presentation of the book “Lusitanian Amphorae. Production and Distribution. Acta of the International Congress in Tróia, Portugal, 10-13 October 2013”. Inês Vaz Pinto, Rui Roberto de Almeida and Archer Martin (eds.)
Hands-on pottery display of Lusitanian amphoras from the kiln sites at Peniche, Tejo Valley, Sado Valley and Algarve.
Pottery assemblages from Tróia
Session at the National Archaeology Museum
National Archaeology Museum
Visit to CAL - Centro de Arqueologia de Lisboa
Visit to CAL - Centro de Arqueologia de Lisboa